Class Topics: Substitution and Reformation

Pastor Vince Giardino began our adult Sunday school session with Genesis 12:1-4 and the promise given to Abraham. God established a covenant with Abraham that would influence the future of world events. Pastor said “world history has to be looked at from God’s perspective”. Because Abraham “believed on the Lord”, Gen 15:1-6, world history was sent on its path that led, as seen in prophecy, to the 10 kingdoms, principalities and powers, Daniel’s 70 weeks, the pause button at 69 weeks, and the time of Jacob’s trouble (Jer 30:7). The Davidic covenant in II Sam 7:12-16 initiated the purposes of God, with God’s people being “where it all happens”, Pastor taught, “It’s all about Israel.” The covenant established David as rightful King and led to the future reign of Jesus Christ, the throne of His kingdom established forever. Events surrounding the return of the Jewish people to Palestine and the creation of the nation of Israel in 1948 were contemplated in regard to the coming rapture of the Gentile church.Each week, someone comes forward to the New Testament time line at the white board to conduct a walk-through. This week, we had a partnership; Tito and Mateo teamed up. For each New Testament event, Tito announced the event and then Mateo sang a line from a hymn related to the event. Their performance was unique, entertaining, and edifying.Also each week, starting with last Sunday, Pastor Giardino will be teaching about important “ION” words (words that end with “ion”) and their place in Hebrews chapters 9 and 10. This week included “substitution” and “reformation”. The handout with the list of words and their meaning was made available in class. Some of what was covered is as follows:

  • Substitution – the word is not in the bible, but is one of the major themes throughout. Heb 9:7, “the high priest … offered for himself and for the errors of the people”, expresses what Christ will do for us, Jesus substitutes himself on the cross for our sins. In the Old Testament, “the blood of bulls and of goats” … were used for “purifying of the flesh”, Heb 9:13. However, Christ is a more perfect substitute, “How much more shall the blood of Christ … purge your conscience”, Heb 9:14. Another example of substitution is found in Lev 16:8-10 where one goat is offered for the Lord so that the other, a “scapegoat”, may live; this reflects Jesus being offered in our place. 1 John 2:2 and 1 John 4:10 speak of Jesus being “the propitiation for our sins”. Refer to the class handout for more information.
  • Reformation – is a change for the better, such as a reformed alcoholic. Heb 9:10 mentions “carnal ordinances, imposed on them (i.e. Israel) until the time of reformation”. The time of reformation is the coming of Christ as the high priest, obtaining eternal redemption for us. By accepting Jesus as our savior, a restoration takes place in us, making us perfect in the eyes of God through the atoning blood of His Son Jesus.

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